Rock Products

AUG 2017

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62 • ROCK products • August 2017 www.rockproducts.com Table 9 shows how the jobs created by the aggregates industry are distributed across broad job classifications. As expected, the initial jobs are concentrated in "Construction and Extraction" and "Transportation and Material Moving" occupations. In the direct supply chain, the most affected occupations include "Office and Administration Support," "Transportation and Material Moving," "Management," "Busi- ness and Financial Operations," Construction and Extraction," and Sales and Related." Finally, diverse occupation classes are implicated by the indirect and induced components of the multiplier, but the larger effects include "Sales and Related," "Office and Administrative Support," and "Management." State-Level Impact of the Aggregates Industry We turn now to the state-level economic impacts. State multipliers will vary across states and generally be smaller than those calculated at the national level. We also use the more conservative estimates of the multiplier in addressing state-level effects, excluding government effects and thereby reducing the induced multiplier. For instance, the sales mul- tiplier in California is 2.38 (the largest) and in Kentucky only 1.19 (the smallest). Table 10 summarizes the state-level impacts on sales. 28 Across all states (for which sufficient data is available), the average sales multiplier is 1.82, which is, as expected, smaller than the national sales multiplier is 2.86 (From Table 7). 29 Table 10 shows some sizeable ripple effects. In California, for instance, the $1.52 billion in aggregates sales has a $3.6 bil- lion effect on the state's economy. Texas' $2.2 billion in sales ripples through the state's economy to produce a $4.8 billion total economic effect. A relatively large multiplier in Arizona converts sales of one-half billion dollars to a total effect of nearly one billion dollars. Table 11 summarizes the state- level impacts on jobs, though state-level data is only available for quarry jobs (representing about 60 percent of total aggre- gates industry employment). Again, the multipliers reported are a weighted average of crushed stone and sand-gravel components based on the relative sales. Across all states, the average sales multiplier is 2.40, which is lower than the national jobs multiplier is 5.87. There is much variation in the levels of the jobs multipliers. The jobs multiplier is 4.67 in Connecticut (the largest) but only 2.07 in Kentucky (the smallest). Even so, a quarry job in Kentucky produces more than one additional job for the state's economy. In Connecti- cut, the state's 486 quarry jobs translate into 2,267 statewide jobs. Texas, the state with the largest quarry work force, has 11,506 statewide jobs resulting from its 4,257 quarry jobs. Aggregates Industry Almanac Economic Impact of the Industry

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