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AUG 2017

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www.rockproducts.com ROCK products • August 2017 • 67 Aggregates Industry Almanac Economic Impact of the Industry sequent beneficial use of the quarry and reclaimed land. 32 Among other requirements, these protections often include the mandatory requirement that quarry operators both file a reclamation plan and post a performance bond as a pre- requisite condition for obtaining a quarry permit in the first instance. 33 The techniques used to maximize reclamation have evolved and innovated over time. These modern techniques include, but are certainly not limited to: (1) rollover slopes; (2) back- filling; (3) bench planting restoration; (4) blasting; and (5) natural recovery. 34 As highlighted below, the reclamation re- sults are often stunning. 35 Brownstone Park (Connecticut) Starting in the early 1990s, this quarry was converted into an adventure park featuring a variety of outdoor activities, including cliff-jumping, rock climbing, swimming, kayaking, scuba diving, climbing and rappelling, wakeboarding, rope- swings, 750-ft. zip-lining, a 100-ft. water slide and inflatable water toys. Brownstone Park has successfully yielded high revenue for the city due to the increasing number of visitors that attend the park every year as well as a large number of employment opportunities. Monitoring of the area by park lifeguards and police officers has eliminated safety hazards posed by the quarry lake prior to redevelopment. Not only does the adventure park re-use the land, but it stimulates outdoor activities that bring people out of their homes and into nature. 36 Citiva (San Diego, Calif.) Located in the center of San Diego, Calif., this quarry had served as the major stone and concrete source for construc- tion projects in the region for the last 70 years, including the downtown baseball stadium of the San Diego Padres and air- port runways. After nine years of planning, a plan to develop the old quarry was approved by the San Diego City Council by a vote of 7-1. In 2010, the developers broke ground on Civita and the first homes were occupied in 2011. In 2013, follow- ing hundreds of public meetings and 10 years of planning, the San Diego Parks and Recreation Board approved the design of Civita's central park, Civita Park. The 230-acre Civita project is one of the largest examples of "urban infill," which is the devel- opment of vacant or underused city sites, in the U.S. In all, the Civita development plans call for 60 to 70 acres of parks and open space, 4,780 residences (including approximately 478 af- fordable units), an approximately 480,000-sq.-ft. retail center, and 420,000 sq. ft. for an office/business campus. The $2 bil- lion Civita project will ultimately create a high-density urban village organized around a network of parks and open space, with housing, retail, office and civic components linked by pedestrian trails, walkable streets and bike paths. 37 Fantasy Lake Scuba Park (Wake Forest, N.C.) About 30 years ago, reclamation efforts began at Fantasy Lake to convert a 100-year-old quarry into a unique scuba diving recreational and training park. Recently referred to by the Raleigh News & Observer as "a scuba diving mecca," the lake is ideal for building scuba diving experience and ad- vancing certification. The lake is recognized by dive groups, rescue groups, law enforcement and the military as an ex- cellent facility for advanced training. The great expanse, visibility and depths of the lake set it apart from smaller facilities. 38

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