Rock Products

AUG 2017

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www.rockproducts.com ROCK products • August 2017 • 69 Aggregates Industry Almanac Economic Impact of the Industry more efficiently reduces unproductive time.") (available at: http://www.cnbc.com/2017/01/12/ cashing-in-on-trumps-1-trillion-rebuilding-americaplan. html). 5 See, e.g., Hillary Clinton, Fixing America's Infrastructure (available at: https://www.hillaryclinton. com/issues/fixing-americas-infrastructure) ("In my first 100 days as president, I will work with both parties to pass a comprehensive plan to create the next generation of good jobs. Now the heart of my plan will be the biggest investment in American infrastructure in decades, including establishing an infrastructure bank that will bring private sector dollars off the sidelines and put them to work there"); Bernie Sanders ("Our nation's infrastructure is collapsing, and the Amer- ican people know it. Every day, they drive on roads with unforgiving potholes and over bridges that are in disrepair. [ ] That is why I have proposed the Rebuild America Act, to invest $1 trillion over five years to modernize our infrastructure.") (available at: https://berniesanders.com/issues/ creating-jobs-rebuilding-america). 6 See, e.g., R. Bradley, What You Need to Know About Donald Trump's $1 Trillion Infrastructure Plan, FORTUNE (December 21, 2016) (available at: http:// fortune.com/2016/12/21/donald-trump-publicinfrastructure- building); M. Zanona, Trump's In- frastructure Plan: What We Know, THE HILL (January 13, 2017) (available at: http://thehill.com/ policy/transportation/314095-trumps-infrastructure-plan-whatwe- know). 7 Slide Presentation: The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA), Enacted Feb- ruary 17, 2009, US Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration (available at: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/economicrecovery/arrapresentationfinal05012009.ppt). 8 D. E. Sullivan, Materials in Use in U.S. Interstate Highways, U.S. Geological Survey (2006) (available at: hƩps://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2006/3127/2006-3127.pdf). 9 V.V. Tepordei, Natural Aggregates—FoundaƟon of America's Future, U.S. Geological Survey (1997) (available at: hƩps://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/aggregates/fs14497.pdf). 10 hƩp://www.economicmodeling.com. We are grateful to John Hawkins and his team at Emsi for their support in the producƟon of the economic impact measures used in this report. Any errors in the use of Emsi's materials are our responsibility alone. 11 H. Galloway, EMSI's Input-Output Model MulƟpliers: A Brief Overview and Comparison with Other Major Models, EMSI Resource Library (October 2007) (available at: hƩp://www. economicmodeling.com/wpcontent/ uploads/2007/10/ed_mulƟplier_methodology_comparison.pdf). 12 Id. at 2 ("we have also realigned our mulƟpliers to be more conservaƟve in hopes that they will beƩer reflect local, sub-regional, and regional economies."); see also S. Kim and C. Miller, An economic model comparison of EMSI and IMPLAN: Case of Mistletoe Marketplace, TOURISM ECONOMICS (2016) (available at: hƩp://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1354816616656420). 13 We include the following North American Industry ClassificaƟon System ("NAICS"): 212312, 212313, 212319, and 212321. 14 Minerals CommodiƟes Summaries, USGS (MulƟple Years): Crushed Stone (available at: hƩps:// minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/stone_crushed) and ConstrucƟon Sand and Gravel (available at: hƩps://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/sand_&_gravel_construcƟon 15 Mineral CommodiƟes Summary, USGS (2017) at p. 143 (available at: hƩps://minerals.usgs.gov/ minerals/pubs/commodity/sand_&_gravel_construcƟon/mcs-2017- sandc.pdf). 16 www.bls.gov (Series CEU1021231003, CEU3000000003). 17 S.B. Bhagwat, Cost of TransportaƟon of ConstrucƟon Aggregates in Illinois in 2014, Illinois State Geological Survey, Circular 587 (2014) at pp. 3-4 (available at: hƩps://www.isgs.illinois.edu/sites/ isgs/files/files/publicaƟons/47th-Forum- Bhagwat_replacement%2012-3-15_one.pdf). 18 G.R. Robinson Jr. and W.M. Brown, Sociocultural Dimensions of Supply and Demand for Natural Aggregate – Examples from the Mid-AtlanƟc Region, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Reports 02-350 (2002) (available at: hƩps://pdfs.semanƟcscholar. org/1ab0/7216ed1bd79d4dd0310542bd67e57d0cede2.pdf). 19 50 FascinaƟng Facts About Stone, Sand & Gravel, NaƟonal Stone, Sand & Gravel AssociaƟon (Undated) (available at: hƩp://msgravel.com/assets/1312/50facts.pdf); Natural Aggregate: Building America's Future, U.S. Geological Survey Circular 110 (1993) (available at: hƩps://pubs. usgs.gov/circ/1993/1110/report.pdf). 20 USGS, Mineral CommodiƟes Summaries, Crushed Stone and ConstrucƟon Sand 20 USGS, Mineral CommodiƟes Summaries, Crushed Stone and ConstrucƟon Sand and Gravel (2017) (available at: hƩps://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/sand_&_gravel_construcƟon/ mcs- 2017-sandc.pdf; hƩps://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/stone_crushed/mcs- 2017- stonc.pdf). 21 The series are measured in current dollars and scaled for purposes of the illustraƟon. 22 The S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller Home Price Indices track changes in the value of residenƟal real estate both naƟonally as well as in 20 metropolitan regions (available at: hƩp://us.spindices.com/ indexfamily/ real-estate/sp-corelogic-case-shiller). Data available at: hƩps://fred.stlouisfed.org/ series/CSUSHPINSA. 23 J.J. Wilson, The Aggregates Business in the U.S.A., PresentaƟon by the President of the NaƟonal Stone, Sand & Gravel AssociaƟon (Undated) (available at: hƩps://ioqnz.co.nz/uploads/JoyWilson- NZ.pdf). 24 hƩp://kb.economicmodeling.com/what-is-a-mulƟplier. 25 See, e.g., K. Byun, The U.S. Housing Bubble and Bust: Impacts on Employment, 133 Monthly Labor Review 3-17 (2010) (available at: hƩps://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2010/12/art1full.pdf); I.G. Ellen and S. Dastrup, Housing and the Great Recession, Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality (2012) (available at: hƩp://furmancenter.org/files/publicaƟons/HousingandtheGreatRecession. pdf). The "Great Recession" dates between December 2007 to June 2009 (hƩp://www.nber.org/ cycles.html). 26 hƩps://www.bls.gov/soc. 27 Authors' calculaƟons. 28 The mulƟpliers reported are a weighted average of crushed stone and sand-gravel components based on the relaƟve sales. 29 This is weighted-average based on sales. 30 Authors' calculaƟons. 31 50 FascinaƟng Facts, supra n. 19; see also Natural Aggregate: Building America's Future, U.S. Geological Survey Circular 110 (1993) (available at: hƩps://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/1993/1110/report. pdf). 32 See, e.g., West Virginia Quarry ReclamaƟon Act, 22 West Virginia Code Chapter 4, § 22-4-17 et seq. 33 See, e.g., id., § 22-4-17; § 22-4-20. 34 See, e.g., I.A. Legwalla, E. Lange and J. Cripps, Quarry ReclamaƟon in England: A Review of Techniques, 34 Journal American Society Of Mining And ReclamaƟon 55 (2015). 35 See, e.g., B. Pack, Old Quarries Turned into Gold Mines, SAN ANTONIO EXPRESS NEWS (August 11, 2015) (available at: hƩp://www.expressnews.com/150years/economy-business/arƟcle/Old-S- A-quarries-aresuccessfully- redeveloped-as-6438913.php). 36 C. McCandless, No Longer Just a Hole in the Ground: The AdapƟve Re-Use of Resource Depleted Quarries, MIT (2013) (available at: hƩp://www.mit.edu/people/spirn/Public/ Ulises-11-308/Quarrying.pdf). 37 R. Showley, ConstrucƟon Starts on Mission Valley's Largest Development, San Diego Union- Tribune (December 1, 2013) (available at: hƩp://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/business/ growthdevelopment/ sdut-civita-begins-mission-valley-2010dec01-story.html). 38 Fantasy Lake Scuba Park webpage (available at: hƩp://www.fantasyscubapark.com/about_ us.htm). 39 Wild North Golf (available at: hƩp://www.wildnorthgolf.com/northern-minnesota-golfcourses/ the-quarry-at-giants-ridge). 40 Sunrock Group (hƩp://www.thesunrockgroup.com/sustainable-development/ environmentalstewardship). 41 Theme Park Review (available at: hƩp://www.themeparkreview.com/parks/park. php?pageid=47). 42 hƩp://www.chambersbaygolf.com. 43 D. Sheinin, In 10 Years, Chambers Bay Went from Abandoned Quarry to U.S. Open Host, Washington Post (June 17, 2015) (available at: hƩps://www.washingtonpost.com/sports/golf/ in-10-years-chambersbay- went-from-abandoned-quarry-to-us-open-host/2015/06/17/d9d16106- 14f6-11e5-9518- f9e0a8959f32_story.html?utm_term=.d0df062b3473). E X C E L M A C H . C O M 8 0 0 - 8 5 8 - 4 0 0 2 What can Excel Machinery Build for You ? • Turn-Key Aggregate Plant Manufacturing • Plant Upgrades • Conveying Systems • Crushing & Screening Systems • • Custom Apron Feeders • Portable Plant Designing & Manufacturing • Washing Systems Surplus Aggregate Equipment ? We Buy Used Equipment ! • Competitive Offers • Quick Cash • Trade-Ins Welcome • Large Inventory of New & Used Equipment in Stock

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